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Have you ever thought back a few hundred years

posted 8/22/2009 8:09:46 PM |
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  somnium

and wondered what was going on back then? I know, it's a slow day! Well, I picked the year 2010 and went back 300 years to 1710! Sounds like a long time but that's really only four full life times of say 75 years average! That's kinda like your parents living a full 75 years, your grand parents the same, your great grand parents the same and your great, great grand parents! I might have miscalculated a little but the family tree thing, really trips me up sometimes!

I have a lot of information posted so if you like this kind of info, it should be interesting, if not- that's ok too!

Anyway, here is what happened in the year 1710:

World Events

Political events

Britain achieves her first clean-cut peaceful transfer of power. The Conservative Party wins a clear majority in the October parliamentary elections and ousts the Whig government headed by the duke of Marlborough. The Tory cause has gained popular support as the result of the trial and conviction in March of political preacher Henry Sacheverell, who has attacked the Whig ministry, been impeached at the instigation of Lord Treasurer Sidney Godolphin, and suspended from preaching for 3 years. An ally of Marlborough who has remained loyal to the Jacobite cause, Godolphin is dismissed by Queen Anne, who replaces him with Robert Harley, 48, a former Whig who has gradually changed his political views to become the leader of the Tory and Anglican party. The queen has gradually been soured on Marlborough through the subtle intrigues of Abigail, Lady Masham (née Hill), a cousin of the queen's onetime court favorite Sarah Churchill. Lady Marlborough introduced Cousin Abigail to the court but has now been displaced by her as confidante to the queen and the power behind the throne.

British forces occupy Acadia again but leave the French Acadians in peace.

Robert Hunter arrives at New York June 14 to take over the duties of provincial governor of New York and New Jersey (see 1709). Now 43, Hunter will be governor until 1720, insisting on parliamentary legislation for colonial finance. Governor Hunter's fleet of eight ships brings more than 2,800 Palatine Germans to settle on the Hudson and produce naval stores. The Germans were driven from their homes by French invaders and seek refuge in America. About 470 have died on the voyage, and the survivors are not permitted to set foot in the city, whose population is now close to 6,000. A committee whose members include colonist Robert Livingston has been appointed to manage the affairs of the Palatines, and they are directed to land on Nutten (Governors) Island, where carpenters set up temporary houses and a hospital (see 1711).

Colonel Peter Schuyler of the New York colony takes five Iroquois chiefs to the court of Queen Anne to impress them with Britain's power.

Human rights, social justice

English woman of letters Lady Mary Pierrepont, 21, writes July 10 to Bishop Burnet, "I am not now arguing for an equality of the two sexes. I do not doubt God and nature have thrown us into an inferior rank; we are a lower part of the creation, we owe obedience and submission to the superior sex, and any woman who suffers her vanity and folly to deny this, rebels against the law of the Creator, and the indisputable order of nature." Daughter of the 5th earl of Kingston, Lady Mary has taught herself Latin, speaks it as well as any man, and is better read than most. To her suitor, Edward Wortley Montagu, 32, who has tried to determine the size of her dowry, she writes in November, "People in my way are sold like slaves; and I cannot tell what price my master will put on me." Wortley Montagu is a close friend of London essayists Joseph Addison and Sir Richard Steele (see 1712).

Exploration, colonization

Explorer Daniel Greysolon, sieur Duluth (or Du Lhut), dies at Montreal the night of February 25 at age 70 (approximate).

Technology

Pennsylvania "Dutch" gunsmiths in the next decade will develop the Pennsylvania rifle, whose spiral bore will make it far more accurate than the smooth-bored muskets used by hunters and military forces in most of the world.

Science

Astronomer Ole Römer (Roemer) dies at Copenhagen September 23 at age 65, having served as mayor, senator, and head of the kingdom's state council. He reordered Denmark's system of measuring and registration and introduced a new, rational system for numbers and weights (the previous system was so confusing that it hampered trade).

Literature

A British copyright law established by Queen Anne will be the basis of all future copyright laws. It provides protection for 14 years and copyright can be renewed for 14 years.

Nonfiction: Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge by Irish philosopher George Berkeley, 25, inaugurates the empiricist school of philosophy. He first propounded his system of subjective idealism (Berkeleianism) last year in "An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision."



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Comments:

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somnium

Aug 22 @ 8:17PM  
Britain's new copyright law provides little or no protection for playwrights, most of whom sell their works to theaters or publishers for small sums and depend for their living on benefit performances (see 1833).

Architecture, real estate

St. Paul's Cathedral is completed at London to designs by Sir Christopher Wren, now 77, and Nicholas Hawksmoor, now 49 (see 1667).

London's Marlborough House is completed in Westminster to designs by Sir Christopher Wren.

Castle Howard is completed in Yorkshire for Charles Howard, 36, 3rd earl of Carlisle. Designed by John Vanbrugh with help from Nicholas Hawksmoor, the imposing country house has taken 9 years to construct.

Venice's baroque Palazzo Ca'Pesaro is completed for the powerful Pesaro family to designs by the late Baldassare Longhena.

Food and drink

Britain imports 60,000 pounds of tea, up from about 20,000 in 1700. By the end of the century, the figure will have topped 20 million pounds (not counting the considerable quantities smuggled in from France) as tea becomes a respectable alternative to beer and wine in a time when it is still unsafe to drink unboiled water (see 1797).

Britain's new copyright law has no effect on cookbooks, whose authors continue to plagiarize each other's work, repeating the same recipes over and over again and pirating new ones, often without changing a word.

Dates

Births:

* January 3 – Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
* January 4 – Giovanni Battista Pergolesi, Italian composer (d. 1736)
* February 15 – King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
* April 15 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (d. 1790)
* April 17 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
* April 25 – James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (d. 1776)
* April 26 – Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
* April 30 – Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée, Bavarian general (d. 1795)
* May 14 – King Adolf Frederick of Sweden (d. 1771)
* May 16 – William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, English politician (d. 1782)
* June 10 – James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (d. 1768)
* July 21 – Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist (d. 1792)
* August 20 – Thomas Simpson, British mathematician (d. 1761)
* September 3 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (d. 1784)
* September 30 – John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
* October 12 – Jonathan Trumbull, Governor of the Colony and the state of Connecticut (d. 1785)
* October 16 – Andreas Hadik, Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1790)
* October 24 – Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
* November 8 – Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
* November 10 – Adam Gottlob Moltke, Danish statesman (d. 1792)
* November 13 – Charles Simon Favart, French dramatist (d. 1792)
* November 22 – Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, German composer (d. 1784)
* November 27 – Robert Lowth, English bishop and grammarian (d. 1787)
* December 2 – Bertinazzi, Italian actor and writer (d. 1783)

Deaths:

* January 16 – Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
* January 21 – Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (b. 1638)
* February 16 – Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes (b. 1632)
* February 25 – Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, French explorer (b. c. 1639)
* March 4 – Louis III, Prince of Condé (b. 1668)
* April 28 – Thomas Betterton, English actor (b. c. 1635)
* May 13 – Heinrich, Duke of Saxe-Römhild (b. 1650)
* June 1 – David Mitchell, British admiral (b. 1642)
* June 4 – James Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute
* June 7 – Louise de La Vallière, mistress of King Louis XIV of France (b. 1644)
* September 19 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (b. 1644)

Hope you enjoyed it!

shewolf53

Aug 22 @ 8:56PM  
Why does it seem there were so many people back then with great minds? I wonder if there are fewer people with that kind of intelligence now or if maybe the world is so populated they just get lost in the crowd. Or maybe people now just no longer have the desire to push themselves to greatness. There are exceptions to the rule of course but I am speaking in general.
RevDocLove

Aug 22 @ 9:10PM  
British forces occupy Acadia again but leave the French Acadians in peace.
You gotta' respect the original Cajuns!
Itsasecret13

Aug 22 @ 9:41PM  
Very good Somnium! In fact outstanding! You must be a history professor or an extremely well read history buff far above the level of most. Absolutely fascinating. I truly enjoyed that.

SheWolf, never fear. There are as many and in fact many more great thinkers now than there was in the past. It is a a myth that all great thinking and inventions and ideas have already been invented or thought of. This myth keeps resurfacing with every generation, until in some communities it has become believed as absolute now. There was a saying printed once that said "Everything that can be invented has been invented." It was falsely attributed to Charles S. Duell who was the Commissioner of the US Patent Office at that time. The year was 1899. The reality is that there have been more inventions, more developments in all the sciences that have done more for all the people of this world between 1900 and 2000, the 20th Century. One only needs to think for a moment and just the things you see around you did not exist 100 years ago, and many not even 50 years ago..

America has been the leader by far in this scientific revolution because of our freedom. The idea that there are no more great thinkers and inventors was an idea used in countries with totalitarian or restrictive governments to explain their own short comings. My point her is not to be a cheerleader for our country, though I would happily volunteer, but it is the perfect example of what capitalism in a Constitutional Republic type government can do. Inventions and ideas coming out of the U.S. in the 20th century has done more good for mankind than any other time in the history of the world.

Again thank you Somnium for this and please forgive me for taken so much space to comment.
sugarnspice005

Aug 22 @ 10:02PM  
That was interesting.
somnium

Aug 22 @ 10:32PM  
RevDocLove

You gotta' respect the original Cajuns!

Well, I do love their blackened Red Snapper, that's for sure!

shewolf53

Why does it seem there were so many people back then with great minds?

It may seem like that, when you consider the ratio between the amount of inventors and the world's population then- as opposed to today's world population to inventors! Just a thought!

Itsasecret13

You must be a history professor or an extremely well read history buff far above the level of most.

Ohh no, no!! I do appreciate your comment though! Actually, while in grammar and high school, I really didn't like history all that much! I have always been much more interested in the sciences! It really wasn't until my 40s or so, that I became interested in history and most of that stemmed from being fascinated with the engineering done in days that would seem almost impossible today- such as the building of the pyramids! Absolutely fascinating to me!

Writing this blog was really just a matter of doing some research for the year 1710 and posting the results!

One only needs to think for a moment and just the things you see around you did not exist 100 years ago, and many not even 50 years ago..

The human race has just scratched the surface on inventions! I see a revamped or a new science not too far into the future!


Dione

Aug 22 @ 11:18PM  
Excellent post! Itsasecret13 stated it succinctly. A greenie for the fascinating history lesson.
I see a revamped or a new science not too far into the future!
I can't wait to discover what it will be!
StraddleMyNose

Aug 22 @ 11:47PM  
Pretty interesting...
shewolf53

Aug 23 @ 3:43AM  
I was not talking about just inventions but great minds in general. That includes poets, writers, artists, philosophers, and composers.While many writers for example might be a good read for today, how many of their works will become classics that people will be reading 300 years from now? What music that is written today will still be heard around the world 300 years from now? When I was in school we had to be able to quote poetry from people like Byron, Keats, and Shelly. Whose poetry is great enough that students will be quoting it in front of a class? Science is an important part but only one part of a civilization. Do you think we have anyone today who can compete with the great masters of painting. Or who can write a play to compete with great plays like Romeo and Juliet or Hamlet?

Yes we have come a long way in the world of science and new inventions which will be replaced by other new inventions. And we have new medicines which will be replaces by better medicine down the road somewhere. But how many names of today will be remembered in the year 2310 as compared to the ones we remember from 300 years ago? There are a few but most of them lived in the first part of the 20th century.
somnium

Aug 23 @ 9:26AM  
I was not talking about just inventions but great minds in general.

You definitely have a point there! I knew what you meant but 'science' clouded my thinking! And who knows what the future will bring regarding great minds in general?

funnywhapper

Aug 23 @ 9:40AM  
thanks for that somnium. i could comment pessimistically, or optimistically
or cynically for life is a bitter herb. ozymandias by percy bysshe shelley.
all their greatness, will one day be dust in the ground. ashes to ashes
dust to dust. for we are upon a grain of sand in the cosmos, from nowhere
going nowhere for no reason. but ya know, there is a shepherd in the sky,
the lord is our shepherd we shall not want. oh yes, time travel is quite
real. some say it was first done in 1906. after the publishing of einstein's
theory of relativity in 1905. many scientific secrets were discovered but
never became widely known. they were suppressed for many good reasons.
mostly the evil violent nature of mankind. what has our science wrought?
weapons of ultimate destruction. sad really. it takes 21 years to grow
a homo sapiens, only seconds to snuff it out. it takes years to grow a peach
tree, only seconds to cut it down. alas, such is the physics of our universe.
for those in pain, may you find solace and relief. for those who died
for religious beliefs, even for atheistic beliefs, i feel sorry for all those who have
died ever did die, and those who will die. having been miraculously saved
from death myriads of times, thanks be to the shepherd in the sky. did you
ever read the bridge over san luis rey? why did some survive, others did not.
many tragedies will occur again today. this is why i play the music
on my cd player, gypsy flamenco. may tragedy avoid you and yours.
again today. buena suerte. good luck. and what is luck, scientifically speaking?
now there's a good research project. the nature of luck. have a lucky day.
NightOfOld

Aug 23 @ 11:34AM  

Very nice blog my friend. Yes I have often thought I should have lived in the past.

Greenie for you.

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Have you ever thought back a few hundred years